Network security refers to the measures and practices implemented to protect computer networks and their resources from unauthorized access, disruption, misuse, or any other form of malicious activity. It involves various technologies, policies, and procedures aimed at ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of network data and systems.
Firewalls are a fundamental component of network security. They act as a barrier between internal and external networks, examining and controlling network traffic based on predetermined security rules.
Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems (IDPS):
IDPS are designed to detect and respond to malicious activities within a network. They monitor network traffic, analyze patterns and behaviors, and raise alarms or take action to mitigate potential threats.
Virtual Private Networks (VPNs):
VPNs create encrypted connections over public networks, allowing users to securely access private networks over the internet. They are commonly used to protect sensitive data transmission and provide secure remote access to corporate networks.
Access control mechanisms regulate user authentication and authorization to network resources. This includes strong password policies, two-factor authentication (2FA), and role-based access control (RBAC) to ensure only authorized individuals have appropriate access privileges.
Network segmentation involves dividing a network into smaller subnetworks to minimize the impact of a security breach. It helps contain and control the spread of threats by separating critical systems from less secure ones.
Encryption is used to protect data confidentiality by converting information into a form that can only be read by authorized recipients. It is commonly used for secure data transmission, storage, and sensitive information protection.